Listen before you speak.
It’s something you were told growing up.
It’s a phrase you’ve thought to yourself after saying something well intentioned that came out a bit…awkward.
But while individuals have been trained to understand the importance of active listening and thoughtful communication, brands haven’t always had the strategies or tools to do so at scale.
You need to listen to your audience. What issues do they care about? How can you help solve their problems?Heather Malec
Senior Manager of Content and Social Media at Spanning Cloud Apps
If we don’t listen to what our audience wants, we won’t be able to connect with them. We won’t be able to help or influence them. This rings true in our personal lives as well as in how we approach our audience on social and beyond.
All too often, we’re guessing, not listening. We’re making tactical moves, not strategic ones.
So who is your audience? How do they feel about not just your organization, but topics related to what you do? Which topics and trends are they passionate enough about to discuss online? What do they truly want, and how can you connect with them more effectively? If these are questions you’ve asked before, then social media listening is for you.
The value of listening
Imagine you work as a writer or creative director for Netflix.
You might have access to data on content viewership rates, most popular genres, most watched actors/actresses and so much more that can significantly help you choose what to create next.
That’s part of how Netflix creates some of the most innovative content there is.
But what if you don’t have scores of user data at your fingertips?
That’s when you can turn to social media listening to find all of that data and more.
- Audience and trend analysis: Discover audience preferences for different demographics and emerging trends around your topics to inform content strategy.
- Product and content research: Gather insights from your industry, competitors and target market to generate new product, service and content ideas.
- Influencer recognition: Identify social influencers and industry thought leaders based on following or post impact to cultivate brand advocates.
- Competitor comparison: Identify gaps, track share of voice and examine consumer attitudes toward competitors.
- Sentiment research: Explore customer feelings and opinions regarding specific topics, products, competitors and more.
- Tactical differentiation: Detect opportunities to differentiate products and services from competitors.
- Brand health: Track conversation around your brand to illuminate consumer attitudes and sentiment drivers.
- Customer experience: Uncover issues and gain visibility into common customer wants and needs around your products or services.
- Campaign analysis: Capture audience reactions to marketing campaigns in real time and create succinct reports to show of success.
An example from a franchise restaurant chain
Imagine you run the marketing for a franchise restaurant and really need to get a better sense of the food your customers love. You can create a social listening topic that monitors social channels for your brand name and then dig through the themes.
- Burritos are the most mentioned item, and that includes a portion of negative mentions. It would be a good idea to listen to burritos specifically to see what folks like and don’t like.
- Not only are quesadillas the most infrequently discussed, but they also have the highest percentage of negative mentions. Should the organization consider re-thinking the recipe or cutting them from the menu entirely?
- Nachos aren’t discussed as frequently as other items, but have the highest percent of positive mentions compared to all mentions. It makes sense to launch a marketing campaign to get more awareness for nachos.
This is just one example from one report. Our next section shows you the true value of social listening with real strategies and examples.
Social listening strategies
Have a question about your product, customers or competition? Chances are, social listening can help you find your answer. To spark some ideas, we’ve shared some of the top strategies we see customers using to find value with social listening.
Social listening for brand intelligence
Before you peer over the hedges at your competitors’ social strategy, think first about getting your own house in order.
By running social listening for your own organization, you can identify common customer questions, comments, complaints, demographics and general sentiment around your brand, and easily share those insights with the rest of your team.
Once you start absorbing your own social listening data, you can do these tactical things right away.
- Find your most frequently asked questions. And create a FAQ document or chatbot to help answer questions at scale.
- Find your customers’ most common issues. And figure out how to solve those issues or create talk tracks to respond quickly.
- Figure out what your customers love about you. And leverage that information to build campaigns or content you know will resonate.
- Identify your key social media customers. And figure out how you can utilize their traits to target new social audiences.
- Get a sense of whether or not followers are positively or negatively mentioning your brand. If it turns out they skew more negative, figure out if those are issues with your social media presence or something you can surface to other parts of your organization, like your product or events teams.
You can also zoom out and look at your customers’ general sentiment.
From a thousand feet up, are your customers happy? If not, you may need to pivot your strategy.
It’s clear to see which days this organization fell out of favor with customers. Drill into those specific days to see what went wrong and learn how to avoid that happening again.
If you find that negativity stems from issues outside of your control, then it is critical to share this data internally. Create entire reports for your team that show why your audience is unhappy and how unhappy that makes the social teams.
Show them anything that may help them identify and remedy a bad situation, like the main themes, keywords, audiences and even locations. While it may seem trivial to you, it could lead your product team to a major “aha” moment.
Social listening for competitive intelligence
Social media is a competitive channel for brands, and some of Sprout’s most popular social media reports are those that customers use to track their competition.
Now imagine you can monitor everything individuals are saying about your competition online. With social listening you can:
- Get a sense of your share of the social media audience. And understand the volume of your messages vs. theirs.
- Understand why their customers may not be satisfied with their product. And how you could create a better experience.
- Find the content they share that outperforms your own. And analyze why it resonates with your shared audience.
- Quickly identify the new products or solutions they are offering. Find out what the general market sentiment is towards those products and solutions, and set a goal to outperform them.
Let’s say you’re working at a new luxury hotel chain set to disrupt the current leaders. In such a well-established industry you need insights into what the audience is saying about the big players so you can take advantage of any shortcomings.
Dig deeper into the top competitors to find out the most frequently discussed topics to help inform your competitive content strategy.
Slice and dice this data to look at keywords, hashtags, emoticons and more. Then dig into each specific leading phrase to figure out why it’s so popular and how you can leverage those insights to influence your own campaigns.
Social listening for industry intelligence
Social listening helps you pick up on industry trends before they even become trends. By getting a sense of where your market is headed you can create products, content and general messaging that will become a key talking point as trends develop.
Dynamically adapting to your industry sets you leaps and bounds ahead of competitors.
- Keep an eye on anything disrupting the space that may impact your organization.
- Track key political and social issues to weigh in on if they’re relevant to your brand.
- Find gaps in the industry that a new product, solution or workflow could solve.
- Look for frequently asked questions to create content your audience needs.
A great example of this comes from the quickly rising eSports industry. ESports teams and websites are consistently looking for the next big streamer or game to add to their arsenal.
With social listening, they can find those up-and-comers before anyone else.
Here you see the leading games, but with some tweaks to the listening queries, you can find the top gamers. You can also tweak the sorting to see who is rising through the eSports ranks.
Social listening for campaign insights
Brands spend a good deal of their time coming up with new campaigns to launch, but without insight into whether or not that campaign succeeded, they have no information about how to improve or build upon those efforts.
Listening tactics boost your campaign success dramatically. Think through the following capabilities for your next campaign.
- Track the impressions and engagements around your campaign posts.
- Quickly gather general sentiment around specific campaigns.
- Identify the top influencers discussing your campaigns.
- Understand which of your audience demographic the campaign resonates with.
- Figure out the key themes within the campaign that are being used and whether those are positive or negative.
- Track collaborative campaigns from a single source of truth.
Social listening can finally prove to you the value of your marketing campaigns. Crafting listening topics to capture all of the conversations around your campaign hashtags or handles provides insights into countless metrics.
You can then break down all of these insights by:
- Content type
- Message type
Social listening for content strategy
Your audience is much more apt to appreciate and share your content if it resonates with them. But you don’t always know what will resonate with your audience.
While many marketers look to keyword research to figure out what will get the most traffic in Google, figuring out conversations happening on social shows you topics before they even become popular, giving you a leg up on competitors.
- Identify the top types of content your audience engages with and use that to build your content strategy.
- Look through common themes within your industry to create content that will resonate.
It’s clear that content around preferred training methods, what kind of gear to use and general nutrition would be appreciated by the audience.
Social listening for customer service
While social media monitoring allows you to easily respond to customer questions, social media listening uncovers trends in those issues.
By finding the root issues that customers have, you create a better overall customer service experience and reduce the number of inbound complaints.
- If you experience a spike in messages, dig through the trends in those conversations to see what happened.
- Work to fix what happened. If the issue is out of your control, develop a communication strategy.
- Find the most frequently used keywords and hashtags receiving complaints. Closely follow the developing narrative.
- Share information internally on the top locations and demographics. Send messages to help pinpoint issues.
One example is the NFL. Given the high-intensity nature of professional sports, any sort of bad call, missed catch or poor throw can explode on social media. Not to mention the deeper and more concerning conversations around player health and social issues.
The NFL’s customers are, in essence, every single person who currently or may watch a game somewhere down the line. If the leagues and individual teams aren’t quickly identifying and engaging with those important messages, they may lose out on that audience.
Listening can also expose opportunities to surprise and delight your fans for increased exposure and brand loyalty.
And, of course, we have to throw one out there for our home team.
The Bears took advantage of a local polar vortex to sport a new name and share social posts to raise awareness about the dangerous cold front.
By listening to their target audience, the team was able to make content that resonated with their fans.
Social listening for product research
Say you’re tasked with developing new menu items for a chain of fast-casual restaurants. How can you infuse data with your own personal creativity?
Social listening provides a jumping-off point for finding products or services that your customers are hungry for.
While many companies monitor Twitter conversations to identify a problem (like an airline responding to customer complaints about a delayed flight), innovative companies are identifying trends and insights that drive new product development. A packaged goods company, for example, can use Twitter data to reveal changing consumer tastes for new flavors, informing the development and marketing of new beverage offerings.Diana Helander
Head of Marketing, Data and Enterprise Solutions at Twitter
- Track user sentiment across your major product lines. Think about expanding those that are most well received and contracting those that aren’t.
- Track conversations around your major competitors. Identify products their customers clamor for that they won’t create.
- Track conversations across your entire industry. Find out the latest products and features your customers want.
A craft beer company could follow the industry to see what recipes and styles are in favor and showcase their products in that category—or get to work on a new recipe.
Even finding one single nugget of information on how to move your product forward offsets the time and cost spent on social listening.
Social listening for influencer marketing
Influencer marketing is the process of promoting and selling products or services through individuals capable of driving action from your target audience. Though influencer marketing isn’t a new concept, it has been growing in popularity with the rise of social celebrities.
While you may not know all of the major influencers in your industry, you likely know how much it can cost to get your message out. It’s the most prominent example, but Kylie Jenner makes an estimated $1 million per paid Instagram post.
For organizations that don’t have that much to spend on their entire marketing budget, the idea of micro-influencers has become increasingly popular. This is the concept of finding smaller influencers who are more niche to your industry.
- Find your current top influencers and figure out how to empower them to continue to advocate for you.
- Find all of the influencers in your industry and create a list of those you may want to work with.
- Find your competitor’s top influencers and attempt to win them over.
- Figure out the best social networks for your influencer marketing and create more content for those channels.
Let’s say that you’re a craft beer organization and want to find all of the top YouTube influencers to partner with on your next product launch. Listen to the industry and find out who is the most engaged beer influencer and partner with them to increase your reach.
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Social listening examples
Dick’s Sporting Goods bans assault rifles
In March of 2018, Dick’s Sporting Goods announced it would stop selling assault-style rifles and raise the age of restriction on gun sales to 21.
While this type of report is fun for readers and us at Sprout, it should be noted that something like Oscar winners, which is inevitably decided by the 6,000 Academy members, is much tougher to predict than something that actually accounts audience votes. Still, it’s a powerful example of the potential in harnessing user sentiment online.
White Walkers vs. Wonder Woman
Hot off the release of the second trailer for the upcoming season of HBO’s game of thrones, Quartz set out to identify the impact premium television content had on more conventional movie theaters.
Sprout pulled Twitter data from the month leading up the trailer’s release to figure out what users were discussing most. The data included “Game of Thrones” as well as major movie releases.
The study found that “Game of Thrones” was discussed more consistently than most of the summer’s biggest blockbusters apart from “Wonder Woman” (but really, who ever thought anything could dethrone Gal Gadot as Diana?)
What else can you listen to?
Social media listening has infinite applications. Some of the other things we looked at in 2018 included:
- Donald Trump
- Yanny and Laurel
- Adidas + Kanye
And here are a few things we could look for:
- GrubHub’s most popular restaurants/dishes
- Marvel’s most powerful superhero on social
- The number of people impacted by product recalls
- The loneliest cities on #ValentinesDay
Social listening by industry
1. Travel & hospitality
The Travel and hospitality industries are one of the biggest in our book of customers. To better understand their use case, we chose to look at the higher end luxury resorts.
You can also use listening to see the impact that weather has on users taking to social to find getaways. In Chicago, the #PolarVortex likely saw a lot of individuals looking to escape the sub-zero temperatures.
- luxury AND hotel
- luxury AND vacation
- travel AND hotel
- vacation AND hotel
- vacation AND resort
- travel AND resort
Look at trends across all of your locations or dig into specific locations to find themes. You can then leverage that data to create localized content and promotions. If you see that you have certain geographic areas trending toward negative sentiment, it may be time to do an internal investigation.
Looking into each competitor’s share of voice and content strategy can give you additional insights into their marketing efforts. If notice sales start to slow on a specific day of the week, social listening may point to a discount that competitors are running to win the competition.
2. Consumer packaged goods (CPG)
The CPG category refers to goods used daily by the average consumer. For this example, we looked at a leading provider of packaged coffee.
Listening to these trends will signal changes in the industry and help identify whether or not you should push new flavors or types of beverages. It can also help you stay ahead of any issues with imported beans that may arise due to U.S. regulations.
Consider also looking at industry-wide data to see which hashtags are trending and take advantage of those relevant to your organization.
One major use for listening for CPG is to monitor and manage product quality. Use listening to track conversations and organize data by complaint categories, such as burnt, tastes like soap, etc. Use this data to update your recipes or tailor your messaging.
Comparative data surrounding major coffee companies could indicate where to expand your reach and which stores to partner with to increase volume.
Just like fashion trends, your retail social media should constantly evolve. This example looks at the social listening information surrounding a major sportswear provider.
Fashion is both seasonal and cyclical, with new trends emerging all the time. By keeping an eye on the industry at large, your brand can identify emerging trends to help influence your product development.
The retail industry also has one of the most compelling use-cases for social media influencers. Many social channels have a myriad of fashion influencers to tap into, and social media listening provides a fantastic way to find those leaders at scale.
A retailer can start to dig into their own social media data to figure out which types of products have the bulk of the social media conversation and can use that insight to guide product promotion.
With information about how four major retailers stack up against each other, retailers can drill into which competitors are out-performing them on social and analyze competitive campaigns.
- under armour
4. Higher education
Higher education institutions have a social audience more active than most other industries.
Higher education has several seasonal factors, including summer and winter breaks, registration periods, graduation periods and more. By getting general industry insights around these events, universities can better prepare entire campaigns.
Throughout each specific period of the school year, your institution will likely face varying levels of audience sentiment. Perhaps you receive an influx of positive mentions during graduation, but when acceptance letters go out, it’s a mixed bag.
You also may want to get a sense of which specific department gets the most social media engagement. That will help you decide which departments, teams and schools require their own social media presence.
Schools can also study the social presence of other institutions. With this data, they can figure out who applicants compare them to, and how they perform compared to other institutions.
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Social listening tools
At the end of 2017, Sprout announced the acquisition of the industry-leading social media listening and analytics platform Simply Measured.
Since then, our teams, products and customers have become a family, and we couldn’t be happier.
It’s thanks to that acquisition and the diligent work of our teams that we can now offer Sprout’s social media marketing and social listening tools within one single platform.
Sprout’s social listening tools
In chapter two, we discussed how social listening is a spectrum, one that spans brand monitoring and marketing insights gained from deep social data. As a result, it can be hard to pin down, especially since no industry-wide agreement exists to define what social listening entails. We can agree that “real-time brand monitoring and social data for marketing insights” provides a solid attempt.
Sprout’s tools span this entire spectrum, including advanced listening. They also cover both engagement- and analytics-focused use cases. And while “listening topics” represents the more advanced analytical use cases, you can see how the idea of listening spans the entire spectrum.
All of the screenshots that you’ve seen up to this point come from within the Sprout platform. We did this to demonstrate what social media listening looks like in practice as well as in theory. Let’s dive deeper into how each of Sprout’s social listening tools can help you keep a pulse on your brand, competition and industry.
1. Smart Inbox
The Smart Inbox is the place to keep track of every conversation with and about your brand.
Sprout Social’s unified Smart Inbox helps businesses engage and foster authentic conversations with their audiences. It also helps them monitor their social channels to find and respond to every important message.
Use the Smart Inbox to:
- Create a one-stop shop for social engagement: Stop logging in and out of each social network and profile whenever you need to check to see if you have new messages that require responding to. The Smart Inbox aggregates all of those messages into a single stream.
- Stay focused and never miss a message: By adding all of your social media networks to a single location, you ensure you never miss an inbound message. Take it a step further and add Brand Keywords (discussed next) to your Smart Inbox and pull in relevant conversations.
- Maintain engagement as a team: The Smart Inbox was built with team collaboration in mind. Invite your team to help you respond to inbound messages and find new conversations without ever worrying about duplicating efforts.
2. Brand Keywords
Brand Keywords help you capture more conversations that are relevant to your brand, industry or competition.
Oftentimes, people will talk about your brand, a product you sell or a hashtag campaign you’re running without taking the time to mention you directly on social.
If you aren’t actively searching for these types of messages, you may miss out on important conversations.
Brand Keywords are custom searches that run constantly and display results in your Smart Inbox, which you can interact with just like any other message.
- Find all important messages: Add Brand Keywords mentioning your company, your products or common misspellings of those to find conversations discussing you that don’t tag you.
- Find new opportunities: By tracking phrases, hashtags or keywords that mention your competition or terms that show interest, you can quickly jump into relevant conversations.
3. Trends Report
The Trends Report automatically surfaces the most popular topics and hashtags mentioned about your brand.
The Twitter Trends Report shows the hashtags and topics that are trending across the mentions and replies for your connected profile(s). It also shows the people and brands that most frequently talk about and get mentioned with your business.
- Take the guesswork out of content creation: Quickly filter campaign and demographic data to identify content that resonates with specific audiences, then tailor your strategy accordingly.
- Identify trending topics to reach new audiences: With deep access to social conversation data across channels, you can easily identify emerging trends and the top content relevant to your brand, competitors or industry.
- Leverage hashtag listening and reporting: Perform quantitative and qualitative analysis of keywords and hashtags to track and compare campaign success, analyze share of voice and determine market share and growth.
4. Keyword Report
The Keyword Report reveals share of volume for basic keywords related to your brand, competition and industry.
The Twitter Keyword report instantly uncovers trends in Twitter traffic for any keyword, hashtag or complex search query across any date range. It’s available on Professional and Advanced plans.
- Keep tabs on your market: Track your brand against the competition.
- Track effectiveness: Of your past and current hashtag or marketing campaigns.
- Discover patterns in keyword usage: Then adjust your marketing efforts accordingly.
- Track your brand’s products: Against each other or against competitors’ products.
5. Sprout’s premium listening solutions
Advanced Listening uncovers emerging trends, thought leaders and sentiment for specified topics about your brand, competition and industry.
Our listening tool is a powerful complement to Sprout’s extensive social monitoring features, enabling you to get a comprehensive view of keywords, campaigns, brands, industries and multimedia content to uncover trends on Twitter, Instagram, Reddit, YouTube, Tumblr and the web.
Listening gives you a window into the candid thoughts and feelings of an audience in aggregate to illuminate trends, uncover patterns and gauge emotional response around any topic.
These broad insights inform the larger picture and broader business decisions, while monitoring tools, such as the Smart Inbox, help you monitor for and engage with conversations happening specifically about your brand.
- Let listening lead: Sprout’s listening data takes your team beyond social, with insights to influence every part of the organization.
- Cut time to insight and action: Learn and act at the speed of social with social listening insights now alongside the sophisticated engagement and publishing tools you use daily.
- All the functionality you need, under one roof: Streamline your workflow by eliminating jumps from point solution to point solution.
- Research with intention: Harness the power of social conversation data with filtering options made to get your answers fast.
- Create targeted Topics with ease: The Topic Builder makes it simple to set up complex, relevant queries that exclude distracting noise.
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Listening for small business
Several examples within this article come from larger organizations, but that doesn’t mean small businesses can’t benefit from social listening.
On the contrary, smaller organizations should think of social listening as a way to directly compete with larger organizations.
Every strategy we’ve mentioned can and should be considered by smaller businesses, but below we’ve highlighted a few specific ways small businesses can use listening to grow.
Growing your following
Sprout helps more than 10,000 small and growing businesses manage their social media marketing. One of the questions we get most frequently from this audience is:
How do I get more followers?
While increasing your following is a good goal, it’s important to remember to do so thoughtfully. Social networks can detect which users attempt to game the system to grow their audience.
Social listening can help
- Find the most relevant and popular hashtags to leverage in your posts to increase reach.
- Find new trends to write about when they first come to light, solidifying you as a thought leader.
- Identify your key social audiences by network to ensure your messages resonate with top audiences.
- Identify the top influencers in your industry and try and coordinate partnerships for additional boost.
- Pinpoint your biggest audience opportunities geographically and increase reach with paid spend in those regions.
These are just a few tactics to help grow your audience. But remember that there is much more to social marketing than amassing a giant following, like creating real connections with your audience and providing amazing customer service.
Finding product-market fit
Product-market fit refers to proving that an audience exists for your product. It legitimizes your organization.
Whether you’re a local retailer planning an expansion, or a software company striving to become the next unicorn, finding your product-market fit is critical, and social media listening can help.
While you can build extremely advanced listening queries to parse out the data, one simple example is to just look at your organizations’ social sentiment. Do people regard what you’re doing positively or negatively?
Keeping your product nimble
It’s critical to keep your business nimble. This is something that can get more difficult as your business scales and you need additional inputs or permissions.
Whether you have yet to find product-market fit, or would just like to consistently update your product to meet the needs of your growing audience, social media channels are a great focus group for coming up with new product ideas.
Say you have a restaurant and want to know the dishes that customers love as well as those they don’t.
Looking through general items and comparing how frequently they get mentioned, as well as the sentiment of those mentions, can help.
Defining your ideal customer profile
If you’re just starting out as a business, or if you’re a business that never identified your ideal customer, social listening can help you tackle this at scale.
Pulling key audience demographic data around your brand, your industry or your competitors will help you paint a picture of your target audience.
Think through questions like:
- What is the average age of my audience?
- What does my biggest audience identify their gender as?
- Does my audience typically use mobile or web applications?
- If they’re on the web, do they use Android or iOS?
- What countries, states or cities are popular with my audience?
This can help you build better social content to suit your audience, but it can also help you across every other marketing or product channel. Share this information internally and you may be surprised how many benefit from the insights.
Deciding where and when to grow
The above chart shows how effective social listening is when deciding in which direction to scale your business.
For instance, a brick-and-mortar store may use social listening to build a list of possible locations for their next store.
A software company or e-commerce business may use the above data to decide where to focus their paid marketing budget.
Beating the big brands
In general, social media listening gives small businesses the tools they need to directly compete and beat out big brands on social media.
- Find and create content that resonates with a fraction of the budget.
- Quickly make changes to your offering to please your audience which may take larger organizations months of decisions and approvals.
- Craft and hone a brand voice that your audience enjoys.
- Track when competitors stumble and quickly jump on new opportunities.
- Directly find potential customers to start forging relationships with.
How to get started
1. Choose a social listening tool
One core benefit of social listening is that it takes and makes sense of millions of social messages. Synthesizing all that data requires good tools.
So the first question you need to answer is: build or buy?
Do you want to build and maintain your own internal social media listening tool, or should you purchase a subscription from a third-party provider?
2. Determine your initial goals
What interests you about social media listening? Did a specific strategy in this guide that make the connection for you?
What’s your goal?
- Run a deep analysis on your brand to understand what customers and prospects think.
- Monitor your industry or niche to keep a pulse on what’s new and what would make good content.
- Keep an eye on your competitors’ products, audiences and marketing tactics.
- Figure out what kind of content to share based on trends and data.
- Identify your key social media audiences to better inform your targeting strategy.
- All of these and more.
3. Infuse your plans with strategies
Think of your goals as the destination and your strategy as the route to get there. Would you take off on that route without a map or GPS?
Social listening poses limitless potential, so it’s possible to get lost or caught up in the raw possibilities as you search to hit your goals. That’s why we at Sprout have started offering consultative services for those who purchase social listening.
No matter what tool you go with, it’s incredibly beneficial to have someone in your corner to talk out all of the strategies and the tactical steps you need to take to find data.
4. Choose your data sources
One important decision to make when building your social listening strategy is which networks to pull data from.
While it may seem like a good idea to pull data from every possible source, that could overwhelm you with data you don’t necessarily need.
However, regardless of whether your business has a presence on Twitter or not, we recommend you pull data from the network. Remember that it traffics in frequent social media messages—with millions of users sharing their feedback, there are bound to be conversations surrounding your organization.
There are a couple of reasons why Twitter audiences are so valuable. Twitter reaches hundreds of millions of users around the world and contains insights on specific people, businesses, industries, trends and more. People are on Twitter to discover what’s new, and over two-thirds of Twitter users influence the purchasing decisions of their friends and family.Diana Helander
Head of Marketing, Data and Enterprise Solutions at Twitter
5. Build your topics and themes
Now for the fun part: the actual building of your listening topics. You need to build specific queries to start finding and pulling relevant data, including the things you do and do not want to listen for.
What to query:
- Keywords or phrases
- Mentions of user
- Mentions from user
- Mentions to user
Once you enter your first set of keywords, phrases, hashtags or handles, you can continue to refine the logic of the search by adding additional and/or parameters.
For example, say you want to track sentiment around Chicago-style pizza. Your query may end up looking more like below.
Now all sorts of variations will register:
- chicago pizza
- chi-town pizza
- chicago deep dish
- chi-town deep dish
- chicago pie
You may think to yourself, “well, Chicago pie could mean pizza, but it could also mean baked goods,.” That’s when you would start to build out your exclusions.
You may start to add in some pie flavors to make sure the scope of your search is limited to pizza.
Now your keywords won’t show any data around peach or apple pies.
6. Optimize your topics and themes
As you can imagine from the previous step, you’ll often discover variations of your keywords or hashtags that you didn’t anticipate. For instance, as you run your Chicago-style pizza query, cherry pie shows up.
You can quickly add that to the list of exclusionary terms, and you might also consider whether or not “pie” is too ambiguous.
There are a number of other filters that you can layer in as well. Maybe you just want posts that are close to Chicago to get the best answers?
You could also check “Show only Tweets from Verified Users” in order to turn these social insights into a new blog post called “What Celebrities Think of Chicago Style Pizza, Backed by Data.”
7. Gather data to inform your strategies
After refining your topics, you can start collecting data to inform your strategies. To continue with the Chicago-style pizza example, here’s a word cloud of the frequently mentioned keywords based on the query.
You can click into each keyword to get a better sense of what the messages mean. In this manner, you might notice that a lot of the messages mention the recent “Polar Vortex” in Chicago, where temperatures dropped well below zero. What can you do with this information?
- Create social posts about whether or not you’re open during these cold times.
- Write an interesting article about how pizza sales increase/decrease based on temperatures.
- Come up with a special “Polar Vortex” coupon encouraging delivery orders to offset a lack of foot traffic.
- Think altruistically! See if there are any Chicago shelters that would benefit from extra pizzas.
8. Measure results relative to goals
After you have spent time building topics, collecting data and leveraging all of that information to inform strategies, you can start to look at success. This is when you want to pair your social media listening data with social media analytics information.
Your metrics of interest will depend on the goals of your campaign, but here are a few to get started:
- New followers
- Profile visits
- Engagement rates
- Engagement speed
9. Cut, continue and expand
After you have spent time listening, incorporating that data into your strategy and running your analytics, you should have a good sense of what works and what doesn’t.
Remember that if one particular strategy doesn’t work out the way you wanted, it’s not a failure or waste of time. If you’re not taking risks and testing ideas, you will never grow.
Just make sure that you nix the strategies that don’t work and build on those that do.
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If you’d like to learn more about how Sprout can help you tackle all of this and more, get in touch with our team of experts today.
If you’re interested in more resources, check out all the other content we have on social media listening.
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- The complete guide to Facebook listening
- The complete guide to Instagram listening
- Social media monitoring vs. social media listening
- How to do competitive research with social media listening
- Social media listening for healthcare organizations
- Why marketing shouldn’t rule your social listening strategy
- How to use social media listening to identify likely buyers
- The ROI of listening on social media
- How to use social listening to find qualified sales leads